Metamorphosis of a City: From Constantinople to Istanbul

Istanbul, an example of the cultural exchange between civilisations occurring throughout the history of humankind, is a witness to how Byzantine sacred monuments were preserved by the Ottomans after the conquest of Constantinople in 1453. It therefore grants us the privilege of admiring masterpieces of Byzantine architecture today.

The Ottoman Bridges in Sarajevo

Of all the cities in Bosnia, the biggest concentration of the bridges in city area was in Sarajevo, the capital city divided by the river Miljacka where most of the bridges were built on. Also, the bridges were built in the peripheral part of the city on rivers Željeznica and Bosnia. The exact number of bridges is unknown but there was at least seven stone bridges from the Ottoman period, of which four are preserved.

The Old Ottoman Bridge at Plandiste in Sarajevo

The bridge is not monumental but is nonetheless aesthetically pleasing, particularly due to elegance of how it fits perfectly into its natural environment. Built of cut limestone, it possesses seven arches. The landmark bridge at Plandište spans 52 m; it is 4.5 m wide and 4.5 m tall at its highest or middle point.

Haseki Hürrem Sultan and her Contribution to the Development of Ottoman Art

Haseki Hürrem Sultan, a beloved wife of the Kanuni Sultan Süleyman I, represents one of the most prominent figures of Ottoman history. Today, there are different opinions about her exact origin (“Was she Ukrainian or Russian?”), but it is known that she was purchased as a slave and brought to the sultan's palace where she embraced Islam and received quality education.

Painting on Ceramic Tiles

One of the most advanced forms of Ottoman art is a painting on ceramic tiles. This form of decoration is a trademark of indoor decorating of Ottoman mosques and other buildings. Usually it was a large wall composition.