SARAJEVO (BiH) / The exhibition "Manuscripts of the Qur'an" from the Archives of the Sarajevo City takes place in the historic place called Hanikah, from 16th century, across the Gazi Husrev bei Mosque. The exhibition will be open until the 26th of November 2010.

On this exhibition we can see beautiful and very valuable sample of calligraphy:

Samples of Calligraphy (Mashq)

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The samples of Arabic calligraphy decorated with ornaments. The manuscript holds fifty such samples, written by Umar b. Ismail in 1095/1684 (the noze on the first sample, fol. 49a). This is a well known calligrapher from Mostar, Omer Efendi Hatat (Umar-Efendi al-Hatat), who, as Bašagić reported without mentioning the name of his father Ismail, completed his elementary education in Mostar and received his secondary education in Istanbul from Sheikh al-Islam Ahi-zade Huseyin Efendi. In 1059/1649 Umar b. Ismail became a professor at Ferhat Pasha’s medresa in Istanbul and in 1070/1659 he was appointed as the Qadi in Galata. Bašagić also states that this calligrapher gave a collection of samples comprising 50 pages to the Sultan as a gift and that this collection is kept in Has Oda (private room).

Given that this collection (the photo above) is also comprised of 50 pages, the two collections probably have the same content. Each sample of writing in this collection comprises a shorter text written in large letters and and a longer one written in smaller letters. It is worth noting that the son of Mostar calligrapher Umar-Efendi al-Hatat, Mustafa b. Umar al-Mostari, a hafiz and a scribe hand copying the Qur’an, was a famous calligrapher too.

On the first protective page of the manuscript, there is a seal of the owner of the manuscript, containg the name Ismail and the year of 1221/1806-07 . The manuscript was purchased from Rizo Ruždić from Travnik.

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The samples of Arabic calligraphy decorated with ornaments. According to the note at the end of the text, the name of the calligrapher is Ismail. The manuscript holds three such samples. Each sample of writing comprises a shorter text written in large letters and and a longer one written in smaller letters. Bothe texts are framed by a thicker line in gold color, boarded by a thick black line on the inside and two black and the red on the outside. The margins are decorated with the ebru mixture in a number of colors.

Photos taken by Islamic Arts Magazine, © Copyright Archives of the Sarajevo City.

 


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